Oil and gas raw materials are deep in the earth’s surface. Up to 6000 feet of pipelines cross many landscapes. Whether land or sea, these projects require different types of wires and cables. These cables play a significant role in controlling the machines used in the project and communication between engineers within the premises. Some of the industrial applications of wires and cables in oil and gas industries include:
PVC connection cables are mostly used in process control. Some of the processes include conveyor belt movements, transporting equipment, and also the construction of plants. These cables are used because they can easily be moved to a new location or in alignments and adjustments. Moreover, they can quickly be inspected in cases where they are not overloaded. In cases where the oil field cable assemblies face electromagnetic interferences, then cooper screens can be used. The copper screen shields these PVC pipes from electromagnetic interferences.
Pipelines for transportation of oil and gas can either be through land or sea. Cables and wires used include power cables, control cables, and signal monitoring cables. The cables provide crucial information related to the load on the pipelines. Signal monitoring cables, sense for leaks, and corrosions. The data is sent back to the control center, where it is acted upon with precision. Rather than manually checking for damages and leaks frequently, especially in submarine environments, the data can easily be collected using these cables from miles away. Volumes and nature of the load can also be monitored.
Refinery oil industries have a temperature of up to 3000C. These harsh environments call for maximum resistance and functional thermocouple equipment. Real-time readings have to be collected in such conditions to optimize productions. These devices have to be accurate as well as respond swiftly to different environmental conditions. In the market, there are high-temperature sensor cables and wire that can be used instead of thermometers. Not only are they accurate, but they provide digital information that can be fed directly into a computer for processing.
Gas and oil industries pump their products through pumps from an extraction point to the refining industry. For this to be successful, the right amount of electric power must be supplied to the pump. These pumps are made of conductors of different sizes. To efficiently provide the right amount of electrical power, you need a cable or a wire, depending on the conductor’s size. These cables will not only give the right amount of current required but also last as compared to using other non-electrical means.
For oil field cable assemblies to be successful in their mining processes, cables and wires play a significant role. Wires and cables vary from size and design. A few things, such as terrain and harshness of the environment, need to be considered when selecting cables and wires. Despite the full range of oil and gas applications, most of these cables and wires share the same cable requirement.